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2 edition of study on Malathion resistance in the yellow-fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. found in the catalog.

study on Malathion resistance in the yellow-fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti.

Alun Tudor Rees

study on Malathion resistance in the yellow-fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti.

by Alun Tudor Rees

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Published by Birmingham Polytechnic in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D) - Birmingham Polytechnic, 1983.

ContributionsCity of Birmingham Polytechnic.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13841688M

Mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti, a carrier of yellow fever and dengue, feed on vertebrate ors on the mosquitoes' antennae enable detection of chemicals produced by vertebrates. Certain chemicals, such as carbon dioxide and lactic acid, act as attractants for several species of bloodsucking mosquitoes. Even though mosquitoes are becoming resistant to the fatal effects of DDT, one study in showed that more than half of resistant Aedes aegyptimosquitoes were still repelled by it when it was sprayed in huts. Aedesmosquitoes carry yellow fever and dengue, but scientists predicted that Anopheles mosquitoes, which carry malaria, would be at least as likely to be repelled, since they are.

  The urban mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) transmits yellow fever, dengue, and dengue hemorrhagic fever in many tropical countries. The incidence of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever will continue to increase in the near future. A vaccine against dengue will not be available for at least 10 yr and the control of dengue is likely to remain based on the control of the vector (Panamerican Health. Aedes aegypti is the main mosquito vector of these arboviruses and its control is the only solution to reduce transmission. OBJECTIVES In order to improve vector control it is essential to study mosquito population genetics in order to better estimate the population structures and the geneflow among them.

The main highlight of the study was that the major carrier for yellow fever, Aedes agypti, and the sole carrier of malaria, Anopheles mosquitoes, determined sex differently. This detail is crucial as female mosquitos are the ones who bite and therefore spread infectious diseases. Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia) has been human vectors for many human diseases globally. In recent years, dengue virus has been diagnosed in different regions such as Asia and Latin America vectored by Aedes spp. mosquitoes. Dengue cases have been reported again in the several parts of African and other continental hospital. The different types of breeding sites have been found to be abundant in.


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Study on Malathion resistance in the yellow-fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti by Alun Tudor Rees Download PDF EPUB FB2

KEY WORDS Malathion resistance, resistance mechanisms, Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus INTRODUCTION Insecticides have had an important role in control programs for Aedes aegypti (L.) in most countries in the Americas. A high level of resistance to di.

A study in Colombia mentioned higher resistance of Ae. aegypti to deltamethrin than to organophosphate insecticides (Maestre-Serrano et al. In Ecuador, malathion is used in peri-domiciliary areas in high-risk urban communities; residual spraying is Cited by: 2.

However, most of these countries lack effective control over populations of Aedes aegypti, and it has not been ruled out that resistance to different insecticides is the main cause of this problem.

Spotlight on Mexico. InMexico was declared free of the mosquito Aedes aegypti, after eliminating the vector as part of yellow fever. Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, is a mosquito that can spread dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, Mayaro and yellow fever viruses, and other disease agents.

The mosquito can be recognized by white markings on its legs and a marking in the form of a lyre on the upper surface of its mosquito originated in Africa, but is now found in tropical, subtropical and temperate Class: Insecta. Aedes aegypti is the primary urban mosquito vector of viruses causing dengue, Zika and chikungunya fevers –for which vaccines and effective pharmaceuticals are still lacking.

Current strategies Cited by:   Also, β-esterases were up-regulated in the populations with suspected resistance to malathion.

Of note, we identified a previously unknown amino acid polymorphism (Phe → Leu) in domain III of the VGSC, in a location known to be associated with pyrethroid resistance in another container-inhabiting mosquito, Aedes aegypti L. The observed DDT. Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus are vectors of important neglected infectious diseases, especially those caused by arboviruses such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika.

They are known to be invasive and have expanded to several new regions relatively recently [1,2,3,4,5].Insecticide resistance, especially against pyrethroids, is a major threat to vector-borne disease control worldwide.

Historically, Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes were controlled/eradicated by fumigation, residual spraying and the elimination of breeding sites. However, the underlying mechanisms of how these vector populations were managed have never been evaluated. Most studies report that these programs failed due to the emergence of DDT resistance in the s and early s.

Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Introduction. Each year, more than million people are affected by dengue [].The main vector of the disease is Aedes aegypti, found ubiquitously throughout Jamaica and the wider Caribbean [2, 3].The circulation of all four dengue serotypes in the region [4, 5], reports of increased dengue cases [6, 7], the recent introduction of other Aedes-borne diseases, such as chikungunya and Zika.

resistance monitoring. In the tiger mosquito. Aedes albopictus, the over-expression of two. CCE. genes (CCEae3A.

and. CCEae6A) through gene amplification was associated with resistance to the organophosphate. insecticide temephos (Grigoraki et al., ).

In the yellow fever mosquito. Aedes aegypti, AAEL (formerly. A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a | Explore the latest full-text research PDFs.

Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY TESTING. Find methods information, sources, references or.

In Colombia Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti is the main vector of urban arboviruses such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika. This urban mosquito has a well-established capacity to develop insecticide resistance to different types of insecticides (pyrethroids, organochlorides, organophosphates), using multiple resistance mechanisms.

The mosquito Aedes aegypti L. is the major vector of yellow fever as well as dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever. During> million dengue cases were reported, w severe cases and 1, deaths in the American region (Brathwaite et al.

).Because no licensed vaccines or drugs are available for dengue, the principal means to reduce dengue. ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti is the major vector of dengue, yellow fever, Zika, and Chikungunya viruses.

Worldwide vector control is largely based on insecticide treatments but, unfortunately, vector control programs are facing operational challenges due to mosquitoes becoming resistant to commonly used.

A study on malathion resistance in the yellow-fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti Author: Rees, A. Awarding Body: City of Birmingham Polytechnic Current Institution: Birmingham City University Date of Award: Availability of Full Text.

They are the main type of mosquito that spread Zika, Dengue, Chikungunya, Yellow Fever, and other viruses. Because Ae. aegypti mosquitoes live near and prefer to feed on people, they are more likely to spread these viruses than other types of mosquitoes.

aegypti mosquitoes. The absence of urban yellow fever virus (YFV) in Bolivian cities has been attributed to the lack of competent urban mosquito vectors. Experiments with Aedes aegypti from Santa Cruz, Bolivia, demonstrated infection (%), dissemination (20%), and transmission of a Bolivian YVF strain (CENETROP).

The yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti is the major vector of dengue, yellow fever, Zika, and Chikungunya viruses.

Worldwide vector control is largely based on insecticide treatments but, unfortunately, vector control programs are facing operational challenges due to mosquitoes becoming resistant to commonly used insecticides.

We report efficient germ-line transformation in the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti accomplished using the piggyBac transposable element vector pBac[3xP3-EGFP afm].

Two transgenic lines were established and characterized; each contained the Vg-Defensin A transgene with strong eye-specific expression of the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) marker gene regulated by the. The yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti is a major vector of dengue and hemorrhagic fevers, causing up to million dengue infections every year.

As there is still no medicine and efficient vaccine available, vector control largely based on insecticide treatments remains the only method to reduce dengue virus transmission.

Unfortunately, vector control programs are facing operational.Background. The mosquito Aedes aegypti is one of the most important disease vectors because it transmits two major arboviruses, dengue and yellow fever, which cause significant global morbidity and mortality.

Chemical insecticides form the cornerstone of vector control. The organophosphate temephos a larvicide recommended by WHO for controlling Ae.

aegypti, however, resistance to this compound.