Last edited by Mezijar
Saturday, August 8, 2020 | History

6 edition of Abductive Inference found in the catalog.

Abductive Inference

Computation, Philosophy, Technology

  • 213 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by Cambridge University Press .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Artificial intelligence,
  • Cognition & cognitive psychology,
  • Philosophy of science,
  • Philosophy,
  • Inference,
  • Philosophical Logic,
  • Computers,
  • Computer Books: General,
  • Natural Language Processing,
  • Knowledge, Theory of,
  • Artificial Intelligence - General,
  • Logic,
  • Abduction (Logic) Abduction (Logic),
  • Computers / Natural Language Processing,
  • Computers-Artificial Intelligence - General,
  • Computers-Natural Language Processing,
  • Philosophy / Logic,
  • General,
  • Abduction (Logic)

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsJohn R. Josephson (Editor), Susan G. Josephson (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages316
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL7740698M
    ISBN 100521434610
    ISBN 109780521434614

    Anyone interested in learning how to better understand, analyze and evaluate arguments that use abductive reasoning or inference to the best explanation should read this book. Because of the technical nature of the author’s analysis, some prior knowledge about or exposure to philosophical analysis, logical reasoning, scientific reasoning /5(4). 'This book is rich in detail and worthy of study either by those interested in the computational problems of abduction or by those interested in the transformation of philosophical questions about David Green, The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 'The book provides a good general introduction to the effort of building abductive.

    Abductive conclusions are thus qualified as having a remnant of uncertainty or doubt, which is expressed in retreat terms such as "best available" or "most likely." One can understand abductive reasoning as inference to the best explanation, although not all usages of the terms abduction and inference to the best explanation are exactly equivalent. Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications. Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and erudite tour.

      Hintikka, therefore, introduces a wedge between the abductive process properly speaking and the inductive process of hypothesis testing. Similarly, Minnameier () argues that abduction differs from the inference to the best explanation (IBE) since the former describes the process of generation of theories, while the latter describes the Author: Athanassios Raftopoulos.   Abductive Inference by John R. Josephson, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide/5(9).


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Abductive Inference Download PDF EPUB FB2

Abductive reasoning involves inferring the best or most plausible explanation from a given set of facts or data. Arguing that knowledge arises from experience by processes of abductive interence, this volume presents new ideas about inferential and information-processing foundations for 4/5(1).

Abductive reasoning / abductive inference is an unheralded, but highly important branch of logic. There is reason to think that much of human reasoning is abductive in nature, making this a key area of artificial intelligence research. Thinking systems that act somewhat human-like will almost certainly incorporate some element of abductive by:   Abductive Inference: Computation, Philosophy, Technology.

In informal terms, abductive reasoning involves inferring the best or most plausible explanation from a given set of facts or data. This volume presents new ideas about inferential and information-processing foundations for knowledge and certainty/5(9).

This book is about abduction, 'the logic of Sherlock Holmes', and about how some kinds of abductive reasoning can be programmed in a Abductive Inference book. The work brings together Artificial Intelligence and philosophy of science and is rich with implications for other areas such as, psychology, medical informatics, and linguistics.

Examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. Abductive Inference book reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic. Examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, /5(13).

The book could be of interest to persons trained in, or studying, philosophy, formal or informal logic, the scientific method, medical diagnosis, or law. Anyone interested in learning how to better understand, analyze and evaluate arguments that use abductive reasoning or inference to the best explanation should read this book/5(4).

This book examines three areas in which abductive reasoning is especially important: medicine, science, and law. The reader is introduced to abduction and shown how it has evolved historically into the framework of conventional wisdom in logic/5(4).

This work uses the concept of abductive logic both as a means of investigating the mystery of Hitler's rise to power and as a way to understand the mind and character of Hitler. Novak's book, written in an engaging narrative style, offers a compelling argument for a Cited by: 3. Abductive reasoning, also referred to as abductive approach is set to address weaknesses associated with deductive and inductive approaches.

Specifically, deductive reasoning is criticized for the lack of clarity in terms of how to select theory to be tested via formulating hypotheses.

Inductive reasoning, on other hand, criticized because “no amount of empirical data will necessarily enable. Reasoning is the process of using existing knowledge to draw conclusions, make predictions, or construct explanations. Three methods of reasoning are the deductive, inductive, and abductive approaches.

Deductive reasoning starts with the assertion of a general rule and proceeds from there to a guaranteed specific conclusion. Abductive Inference - edited by John R.

Josephson August Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites.

Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. Hypothesis (abductive inference) is inference through an icon (also called a likeness). Induction is inference through an index (a sign by factual connection).

Abductive inference has often been equated with inference to the best explanation. Harman (, pp. 88–89) wrote that "inference to the best explanation corresponds approximately to what others have called abduction."Author: Douglas Walton.

Douglas Walton's Abductive Reasoning presents both an introduction to abductive reasoning (including inference to the best explanation) and an interesting and critical assessment of the most important parts of the literature, leading to Walton's own normative theory of abduction and his advice on how we should approach a number of unsolved problems.

• Introduction to Abductive Reasoning • Weak form of inference because we cannot say that we believe in the truth of the explanationbelieve in the truth of the explanation grass-is-wet rained-last-night grass-is-wet sprinkler-was-on shoes-are-wet grass-is-wetFile Size: 1MB.

In informal terms, abductive reasoning involves inferring the best or most plausible explanation from a given set of facts or data. This volume presents new ideas about inferential and information-processing foundations for knowledge and certainty.

The authors argue that knowledge arises from Price: $   Abductive inference has often been equated with inference to the best explanation. Harman (, pp. 88–89) wrote that "inference to the best explanation corresponds approximately to what others have called abduction."Brand: University of Alabama Press.

The findings highlight the value of understanding explanation and abductive inference both as phenomena in their own right and for the insights they provide concerning foundational aspects of human cognition, such as representation, learning, and by: Abductive Inference: Computation, Philosophy, Technology and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at Buy Abductive Inference: Computation, Philosophy, Technology Revised ed.

by Josephson, John R., Josephson, Susan G. (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.4/5(1). Summary: Abduction is inference to the best explanation, a pattern of reasoning that occurs in such diverse places as medical diagnosis, scientific theory formation, accident investigation, language understanding, and jury deliberation.

This book breaks new ground in the scientific, philosophical, and technological study of abduction. In this chapter, a broad abductive theory of scientific method is described that has particular relevance for the behavioural sciences.

This theory of method assembles a complex of specific strategies and methods that are used in the detection of empirical phenomena and the subsequent construction of explanatory by: Logic-Based Abductive Inference.

The material is suitable either as a reference book for researchers or as a textbook for a graduate course on the theoretical aspects of logic programming and.